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Mediation vs. Litigation: What is Right for You?

Updated: Nov 16, 2023


Navigating through a divorce is already a difficult and emotional process. There are many decisions to make, and it can be hard to know where to start. One of the most important decisions you will make is whether to mediate your divorce or go to court and litigate.


Mediation: is a process where you and your spouse work with a neutral third party, called a mediator, to reach an agreement about the terms of your divorce. Litigation, on the other hand, involves you and your spouse going to court, and a judge decides the terms of your divorce.

There are many benefits to mediation. It is usually faster and less expensive than litigation, providing you and your spouse with more control over the outcome of your divorce. Mediation can also help preserve your relationship with your spouse, if possible.


However, there are also some drawbacks to mediation. It can be emotionally draining, and reaching an agreement may not be possible if you and your spouse are unable to compromise. Mediation is also not always successful; both parties must be able to compromise and negotiate in a friendly manner. If this is not achievable, you may have to go to court after all.


Litigation: is a more adversarial process than mediation. In litigation, you and your spouse will each have your own lawyer, and the goal is to win your case. Litigation can be more expensive and time-consuming than mediation and can also be more emotionally draining. However, it may be necessary if you and your spouse are unable to reach an agreement through mediation.


The decision of whether to mediate or litigate your divorce is a personal one. There is no right or wrong answer, and the best choice for you will depend on your individual circumstances and what you and your spouse believe is best. If you are considering mediation, it is important to talk to a mediator and seek legal advice from an attorney.

Here are some additional factors to consider when making your decision:

  1. The cost of mediation and litigation: Mediation is usually less expensive than litigation, but costs can vary depending on the mediator and the complexity of your case. Litigation can be very expensive, especially if it goes to trial.

  2. The time commitment: Mediation can be a shorter process than litigation, but it is important to remember that mediation can still be time-consuming. Litigation can be a long and drawn-out process.

  3. Your relationship with your spouse: If you and your spouse can communicate effectively and are willing to compromise, mediation may be a good option. However, if communication is difficult or compromise is not possible, litigation may be the only option.

  4. Your goals for your divorce: Consider your goals for your divorce. Are you looking for a quick and amicable resolution, or are you aiming for the best possible outcome for yourself and your children? Mediation may be a good option for a quick and amicable resolution, while litigation may be better for securing the best possible outcome.

If you are considering mediation, it is important to find a qualified and experienced mediator. You can find a mediator through your state bar association or a divorce mediation website. Additionally, it is crucial to seek legal advice from an attorney before starting mediation. An attorney can help you understand your rights and options and can represent you in mediation if necessary.


In the context of mediation, it's important to recognize that the process often involves the active participation of attorneys who assist their clients in navigating the complexities of divorce negotiations. Attorneys play a crucial role in providing legal guidance, ensuring their clients' rights are protected, and facilitating effective communication during mediation sessions. Their expertise can contribute significantly to the overall success of the mediation process, as they help clients understand legal implications, explore viable solutions, and work towards a mutually agreeable resolution.

Moreover, it's worth noting that certain courts may mandate mediation before proceeding to a specific hearing or trial. This requirement underscores the recognition of mediation as a valuable tool for dispute resolution within the legal system. Courts often view mediation as an opportunity for parties to collaboratively address issues, potentially reducing the caseload and promoting a more efficient and amicable resolution.

Therefore, individuals contemplating divorce should be mindful of the potential involvement of attorneys in the mediation process and stay informed about any court-mandated mediation procedures. Seeking legal advice from a qualified attorney becomes even more critical, as they can provide insights into the specific requirements of the jurisdiction and offer tailored guidance based on their understanding of both the legal and practical aspects of divorce mediation.

In summary, while mediation emphasizes a cooperative approach, the support of knowledgeable attorneys can enhance the effectiveness of the process. Understanding the dynamics of attorney involvement and recognizing court directives regarding mediation are integral components of making informed decisions during the divorce proceedings.


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